Sunday, March 3, 2019
Hector and Helen Essay
The characters in homers Iliad have from time to time afforded a first class battleground for scholars and students alike. Through par whollyels, differentiates, and reverberation positioning of characters and actions, the principle characters have been out mansevass and objectified as embodiments of certain ideals perforate the Greek society. Helen, like Klytaimestra, Pandora, Medea and Phaedra has been portrayed as the exemplar of the females sub-ordination to the ill-judged in particular sex (Thorton. 84). In her, the destructive specter of a mind prevail by passion and compulsive pleasure endangers men the defenders of the ideals of the polis.Here, the threat be by Helen is two pronged, that is the irresistible in allure of her beauty and the mind perplexing fire of versed lust she ignites on the other hand, the violation of her coupling to Menelaus by Alexandros precipitates a war which degenerates into a tragic contest for recognize and nimbus cloud. In this es say, the relationship between Helen and browbeat will be analyzed with reference the themes outlined above. In the Iliad, bully is the bulwark of Trojan defense. He is the only thing which stands between the Achaians and victory.Besides Achilles, all the other warriors head if they drive out stop him (Il. 15. 639-63. 7 Il. 10. 47-52 Il. 7. 112-114). But swaggers tragedy is that he is destroyed fighting a war he does non believe in. When he harangues Alexandros for scampering away from Menelaus (Il. 3. 35-55), he not only reveals his estrangement with capital of France quarrel, but betrays the fact that to him, the war is about approve and barter the Achaians maybe rightly-grieved, but its his lot to uphold his honor by defending the city (Il. 3. 43-45 Il. 3. 56. 57 Il. 6. 265-280).Equally telling are the evocative epithets he employs to describe Alexandros Evil Paris, beautiful, woman-crazy, cajoling, better had you never been borne or killed single to your father a bi g ruefulness, and your city and all your people to your self a thing shameful, but bringing joy to the enemy. (Il. 3. 35-50) Clearly, its no exaggeration to say that hector views Helens marriage ceremony to Alexandros as a source of trouble, and a union driven by blind lust. In fact, the impropriety of Helens marriage and the precariousness of her situation are known to all.Priam has to inspire her that she is not to blame (Il. 3. 165-170) and Helen knows that her behavior is indefensible Helen shining among women and I aspiration bitter death had been what I wanted, when I came hither following your son, giving up my chamber, my kinsmen, my grown child, and the whapliness of the girls my own ageslut that I am. (Il. 3. 170-180) Indeed, it can be said that Helen is a good example of how sexual attractiveness confers on the loved wizard an obsessive value to the detriment of all other obligations. This, it must be added is Hectors opinion of Paris.Another interesting blood l ine should be pointed out here that to the Trojans, Helen is to blame but to Hector, the blame lies straightforwardly on Paris. A critical look of Helens speech at the funeral Hector suggests this much (Il. 24. 765-770). The falsity of Helens marriage, or rather, the inconstancy of Helens emotions is shown, when we are told that afterward Iris had informed her that her fate was to be decided in a duel between Paris and Menelaus the goddess left in her heart sugariness longing after her husband of time before and her city and her parents (Il. 3. 138-140). Here, Helens irrational nature is in full discover.Her sexual appetite veers constantly one minute she is longing for her husband of time before (Menelaus), the next hour she is making love to Paris in his bed chamber (its current that they are all under the influence of Aphrodite, but Aphrodite is merely the embodiment of the irresistible force of sexual excitement). Meanwhile, the women of Troy are up and about, all frantic with fear, some are assembling for prayers at the temple of the grey-eyed genus Athene others have gathered around Hector, when he lives the battle field, to ask after husband, brothers and neighbors and the Achaians are dangerously close to the city wall (Il.Book 6).Helen and Paris, it appears, are immune to these concerns. This scene reinforces the theme of the distraction of the masculine mind when sexual appetite is given free reign. Paris it appears is neglecting his obligation to defend the polis. Hector talks of him thus in front of Hecuba while I go in search of Paris, to call him, if he will listen to anything I tell him. How I wish at this snatch the earth power open beneath him. The Olympian let him live, a great sorrow to the Trojans, and high-hearted Priam, and all his children.If only I could see him gone down to the house of the Death God (Il. 6. 280-284) Again Hector shows the same disgust at Paris when he finds him resting in his house with Helen (Il. 6. 326-330). That Helens aberrant sexuality is the cause of the ruckus is further reinforced in her meeting with Hector at Paris House. Helen calls herself a nasty-bitch evil-intriguing. The evocation of bitch imagery is chief(prenominal) here. Dogs are the domestic beasts most intimate with human life, capable of true service.But they also represent unbridled appetite, particularly the female that span frequently and indiscriminately (Thornton, 82) hence the word denotes a shamelessness resulting from ill to control ones sexual appetite. Interestingly, Helen voices her thirst for a better man, who knows the bounds of propriety in front of Hector (Il. 6. 350-354). We can only surmise that she fluent has Menelaus in mind. Again the contrast between Hector and Paris is haggard starkly in this episode Hector rejects Helens entreaties and is eager to assume his rightful(prenominal) role as a defender of the city while Paris has to be persuaded to rejoin the fray (Il.6. 354-363).Another episo de of interest elaborates the contrast between Andromache, the embodiment of a perfect wife, and Helen. Andromache appears in the epics most please scenes. The tender exchange between Andromache and hector reveals to us the importance marriage and the household had to the wife, the qualities of a good wife, and the place she has in her husband heart. We retard that she is a good house wife, prays for her husband, worries constantly about his fate, loves her child and is wholly dependent on her husband.Andromache voices her dependence on Hector thus Hector you are father to me, and my honored mother, you are my brother and you it is who are my fresh husband (Il. 6. 429-431) her life, it can be said, is inextricably intertwined with his, and her whole identity is predicated on her status as wife and mother. At the same time, hector love and concern for his wife is patently obvious. In a brief moment of prophetic insight, he contemplates the fall of Troy, the death of his family an d the fate of Andromache.In this episode, Hector is moved, not by the future grief of his mother, father and brothers, but by the fate of Andromache as a miserable slave. This episode reinforces my previous communication channel that Hectors tragedy is the conflict between his desire for Heroic honor and glory and his role as the protector of Troy and his family. This desire for honor and glory, which is someway linked to his pride (Hectors hubris is explored in this sections Il. 8. 535-541 Il. 13. 824-832 Il. 18. 293-309) is what prevents him from liquidating a war which he knows in unjust.In his last soliloquy, Hector admits this much (Il. 22. 95-120). In short, it can be said that the war was precipitated by the recklessness of two doomed lovers, who failed to reign in their sexual passions. According to the customs, the violation of Menelaus marriage by Paris imposed on him and his kinsmen a duty to avenge his honor which, we are told was the destruction and pillage of Troy. At the time, the ideals of Honor demanded a display of fighting spirit on the part of the Trojans. All this themes are explored repeatedly in the relationship between hector and Helen.