Running head : Osteoporosis in piece PhysiologyOsteoporosis in tender-hearted Physiology[The name of the writer appears here][The name of institution appears here]INTRODUCTIONOsteoporosis is a dis of the var. resulting from an alteration in hit the books remodeling , the process in which al-Qaida up is broken down or resorbed and replaced with new produce up . It is characterized by change magnitude osteoclastic action at law and accelerated reduction in stand up quite a little (Figure 1 and a consequent deterioration in the microarchitecture of bring up leading to enhanced bone fragility and an increased danger of go against (Sheldon J . Segal Ph . D , Luigi D . Mastroianni Jr , M , 2003Osteoporosis is the fourth most(prenominal) common and the eighth most expensive unhealthiness to treat in the United States . e very year , 1 .3 one million million fractures related to osteoporosis bump , the most sponsor be 300 ,000 hep and 700 ,000 vertebrae fractures . The cost of this untreated distemper is slightly 14 billion annually , exactly seldom do primary c are providers talk about this infirmity to their patients . Although many women report thinking about osteoporosis often , a couple of(prenominal) ask questions about it Osteoporosis is a disease that increases in absolute frequency with advancing suppurate , especially in the female community . In women 13 to 18 (4 to 6 million ) hurt osteoporosis , and 37 to 50 (13 to 17 million ) thrust osteopenia . In men 3 to 6 (1 to 2 million ) have osteoporosis , and 28 to 47 have osteopenia . 37 part of visits for osteoporosis occur between the ages of 71 and 80 , 28 between the ages of 61 and 70 20 after age 80 , and unaccompanied 10 between the ages of 51 and 60 . Fifty-nine percent of the visits for osteoporosis are to primary car e physicians but it is largely different s! pecialists who prescribe therapy for osteoporosis (Shari Munch , Sarah Shapiro , 2006FIGURE 1 . dress up is constantly remolded during osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity (Mary. Sutphen , Bridie Andrews , 2003Osteoporotic fractures occur most frequently in the hips , vertebrae , and wrists .
Hip fracture , normally the result of a impress , is a study cause of mortality and morbidity in older women . The incidence increases with age , and between 12 and 20 of all individuals with hip fracture die in the hospital of complications . Approximately third base of survivors are left with rough disability , which l imits their independence . articulatio radiocarpea fractures , which are also usually incurred during a fall , generally heal completely with some lasting effects . vertebral fractures are often called shell fractures because they crowd out lead to vertebral compression and a evil of peak . When several vertebrae are involved , compression can distort the spinal mainstay , leading to dowager s hump (Figure 2 As spinal curvature increases , the rib cage sinks toward the articulatio coxae causing internal variety meat to become fix and consequently creating difficulties with breathing and gastrointestinal annoying (Stephen H Jenkins , 2004FIGURE 2 . Compression fractures of the vertebrae lead to loss of height and forward bend of the upper spine (Mary. Sutphen , Bridie Andrews , 2003PHYSIOLOGY OF OSTEOPOROSISAfter peak bone density is reached , bone density remains stable for years and...If you want to point a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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